Liposuction, fat suction or suction lipectomy is a surgical technique used to remove unwanted fat deposits from the surface areas of the body for cosmetic purposes. For this purpose, plastic surgeons practicing liposuction on the chin, neck, cheeks, upper arms, breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves and ankles .
Once selected body areas to be treated, is usually applied a local anesthetic and the surgeon proceeds by small incisions in the skin through which inserts a small hollow tube called a cannula. This is connected to a machine that creates a powerful vacuum or suction effect, hence its name. The cannula is moving under the skin for the fat layers that you want to delete, and aspire to be diluted.
As the treated area are asleep under anesthesia local, patients sometimes experience sensations such as vibration and friction during the procedure. Takes about 1 to 2 hours, but depends on the operated area and the amount of fat removed.
When this technique is indicated?
Many people, especially women, want to sculpt your body to improve appearance, enhance your figure and feel better when they look in the mirror looking for the perfect body.
Liposuction, also sometimes called liposculpture, is indicated in people with a relatively normal body areas showing localized excess fat under the skin. Most body areas where you can practice this technique have been mentioned previously. If the patient's skin is firm and elastic, of course get better results in body contouring.
Although it has been shown that this procedure does not improve the condition known as cellulite or orange peel, addressed in another article in this section, some surgeons plastics offer other techniques to solve this problem.
When is contraindicated liposuction?
This technique should probably contraindicated as a treatment for weight loss in patients obese , people with serious health problems like diabetes , hypertension , heart disease, etc.., if the patient has had previous surgery recently the same area, or around, or if you have poor blood circulation in the area.
Risks and side effects of this technique
Like all surgical procedures, performing liposuction involves certain risks. It is therefore important to choose carefully and correct to the best candidates for surgery, to avoid unnecessary complications.
At times, it can cause severe trauma to the skin of the surgical site, especially when multiple or extensive areas suck at the same time. Although serious complications are fortunately rare, infections, bleeding or dehydration from excessive loss of body fluids during surgery can cause major damage.
The practice incisions in the skin are usually small and strategically made, so the Scars are usually mild and are hidden. However, there may be other skin problems such as wrinkling or discoloration of the skin.
After surgery, the treated areas usually remain swollen and bruised for several days or weeks. Although in most cases these problems disappear in a few weeks or months, not extraordinary that they can stay for many months.